Technical Data

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Technical data for all your print requirements.

FOLDING

Common Folds

MEASUREMENTS AND CONVERSION TABLES

DESIGNATION A7 A6 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 2A
74mm x 105mm 105mm x 148mm 148mm x 210mm 210mm x 297mm 297mm x 420mm 420mm x 594mm 594mm x 841mm 841mm x 1189mm 1189mm x 11682mm
A7 > - 141.8% 200.7% 282.9% 401.4% 565.7% 800.9% 1132.4% 1601.9%
A6 > 70.9% - 141.8% 200.7% 283.8% 401.4% 568.2% 803.4% 1136.5%
A5 > 50% 70.4% - 141.4% 200% 282.9% 400.5% 566.2% 800.9%
A4 > 35.3% 49.8% 70.7% - 141.4% 200% 283.2% 400.3% 566.3%
A3 > 25% 35.2% 50% 70.7% - 141.4% 200.2% 283.1% 400.5%
A2 > 17.7% 24.9% 35.4% 50% 70.7% - 141.6% 200.2% 283.2%
A1 > 12.5% 17.6% 24.9% 35.3% 49.9% 70.6% - 141.4% 200%
PAPER SIZES:

ENVELOPES

Envelopes

PRINTERS MARKS

Printing printer's marks lets you display information on a page about how a work should be printed. The available printer's marks are as follows:

Crop/fold marks: represent the size of the paper and print at the corners of the page. You can print crop/fold marks to use as guides to trim the paper. Composite crop/fold marks ensure that marks appear on each separation plate of the imported CMYK file.

Bleed limit: determines how far an image can extend beyond the crop marks. When you use bleed to extend the print job to the edge of the page, you must set a bleed limit. A bleed limit requires the paper you are printing on is larger than the size of paper you ultimately want.

Colour calibration bars: are colour scales that print on each sheet of colour and ensure accurate color reproduction. To see calibration bars, the page size of the print job must be larger than the page size you are printing.

Densitometer scale: is a series of gray boxes ranging from light to dark. These boxes are required to test the density of halftone images. You can also customize the levels of gray that appear in each of the seven squares on the densitometer scale.

Page Numbers: helps you collate pages of an image that do not include any page numbers or do not contain page numbers that correspond to the actual number of pages.

File information: prints file information, such as, the colour profile; haltone settings; name, date and time the image was created; plate number and job name.

GLOSSARY

Blind embossing

A design stamped without metallic leaf or ink, giving bas-relief effect.

Bond paper

Good quality paper used for stationary, forms and other documents having a basic weight of more than 60 grams per square meter, often containing a watermark.

Coated paper

Paper with a shiny, glossy or very smooth finish used in printing. These papers absorb printing ink less than uncoated papers. This characteristic must be accounted for in the pre-press process.

Die-cutting

The use of a sharp steel rule to cut special shapes from printed sheets.

Dummy

A model of the printed product produced prior to publication to show as far as possible, the size, shape and major features as a guide to production.

Embossing

The deformation of paper or board by means of a die and a force to dorm a raised image.

Foil Stamping

The application of metallic or metallised images to a substrate by means of a heated relief block and controlled pressure.

Gate fold

In magazine production, a type of fold in which a double width page or pair of pages is turned inward from the fore-edges thus opening out at the appropriate places.

Grain

The direction in which most fibers lie which corresponds with the direction the paper is made.

Grammage

The weight of paper expressed in grams per square meter (gsm, gm2).

Lamination

A plastic film bonded by heat and pressure to a printed sheet for either protection or appearance.

Leaf

A sheet of a book , containing two pages one on each side, thus a section of a book containing 32 leaves has 64 pages.

Overprinting

Printing over areas already printed. Contrast knockout.

Pantone

An international system of designating colours for printing and other purposes, based on mixing and matching a few standard pigments.

Perfect Binding

A book in which the boards of the cover have first been attached to the book by a style of threadless binding in which the leaves of a book are held together at the binding edge by glue or synthetic adhesive and a suitable lining.

PMS (Pantone Matching System)

A commonly used system for identifying specific ink colours.

Press proof

An actual printed sample of how a job will look when printed with similar, if not identical printing presses and conditions.

Proof

A visual interpretation of the image to be printed produced either from printing plates or a press proof, film overlays or other pre-press techniques or on a visual display unit.

Ream

Five hundred sheets of paper.

Register

Fitting two or more printing images on the same paper in exact alignment with each other.

Saddle-stitch/wire

To fasten a booklet by wiring saddle-wire through the middle of the fold.

Set-off

The unwanted transfer of ink from a printed sheet to the underside of the next sheet in the delivery

Uncoated paper

Paper without a glossy or shiny finish. Uncoated papers absorb more ink than coated papers and the images require appropriate compensation for this output to film or printing. Varnishing to apply oil, synthetic, spirit, cellolose or water varnish to printed matter by hand or machine to enhance its appearance or to increase its durabiity.